Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River.The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are 250 metres (820 feet) high.Ammianus Marcellinus wrote in the 4th century CE that the then city had been the old Eumolpias/Eumolpiada, ( of the other as it kept all consonants of the name Philip deva (city).Although the two names sound similar, they may not share the same origin as Odrin and Adrianople do, and Pulpudeva may have predated the other names Plovdiv is located on the banks of the Maritsa river, southeast of the Bulgarian capital Sofia.
Plovdiv is host to a huge variety cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", the TV festival "The golden chest," and many more novel festivals, such as Night/Plovdiv in September, Kapana Fest, and Opera Open.
Three of them are called the Three Hills (Bulgarian: Plovdiv has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with considerable humid continental influences.
There are four distinct seasons with large temperature jumps between seasons. The average number of days with snow coverage in Plovdiv is 15.
and objects of everyday life on Nebet Tepe from as early as the Chalcolithicera , showing that at the end of the 4th millennium BCE, there was already an established settlement there which was continuously inhabited since then. Ten years after the Macedonian invasion, the Thracian kings started to exercise power again after the Odrysian Seuthes III had re-established their kingdom under Macedonian suzerainty as a result of a somehow successful revolt against Alexander the Great's rule resulting in a stalemate.
In 183 BCE, Philip V of Macedon conquered the city, but shortly after, the Thracians re-conquered it.